steve ,
the only problem I have with all this is roosevelt ran on a platform of NOT ONE DROP OF AMERICAN BLOOD WOULD BE SPILLED IN THIS EUROPEAN WAR ! . Once he began the illegal lend/lease program supplying weapons to Russia and England the US was screwed . Had FDR not manipulated Pearl Harbor and threw us headlong into the fray Europe would have been under Axis control and then the US would have really been in an unwinnable war .
Imagine the Phillipines , Hawaii , Guam and several other Pacific launch points for Japan and then a United Europe under hitler and mussolini's control.Was Pearl Harbor necessary ? YES .But why not enter the war w/o the deception ?