He also honored the contribution of Western allies to the defeat of Adolf Hitler's Germany but appeared to take a swipe at the United States, saying that the world now sees threats to peace ''based on the same disrespect for human life, claims to global exclusiveness and dictate, just as it was in the Third Reich.''

He did not specify to whom he was referring, but the comment echoed recent sharp criticism by him of the United States for an allegedly aggressive foreign policy and Kremlin objections to U.S. plans to deploy elements of a missile defense system in eastern Europe.

''I am convinced that common responsibility and equitable partnership offer the only tool for rebuffing these challenges and repelling any attempts to unleash new armed conflicts or undermine global security,'' Putin said.

http://www.nytimes.com/aponline/worl...=1&oref=slogin